EMT/Paramedic Pharmacology

Maryland Emergency Medical Protocol <<<PHARMACOLOGY   PAGES 210-250 ALS/PARAMEDIC PHARMACOLOGY

CHECK OUT THIS YOUTUBE VIDEO for medical assessment on skills exam medical assessment Jun 23, 2014 – Uploaded by EMTprep


    EMT should be able to identify, from memory and without assistance, common medical conditions encountered by EMT-Bs, the medications used to treat them and the proper administration of these medications, in accordance with the appropriate medical protocols.
    • Pharmacology
      • Study of the characteristics and effects of medications
      • Medication
        • chemical substance
        • used to treat or prevent disease
        • used to relieve pain
      • Drug
        • used interchangeably for medication
        • sounds “illegal” or “illicit”
        • refrain from using when interviewing patient or family
      • Dose
        • amount of medication given
        • depends upon patient’s age and size
        • depends upon the desired action
      • Action
        • therapeutic effect that is expected
          • nitroglycerin dilates blood vessels
      • Indications
        • therapeutic uses for a medication
        • specific signs or circumstances when it is appropriate to administer the medication
      • Contraindications
        • specific signs or circumstances when it is NOT appropriate to administer the medication
        • may harm the patient
        • would have no positive effect on the patient’s condition
      • Side effects
        • any action other than the desired one
        • may occur even if administered properly
        • also known as adverse effects


Medication Names (1-2)

  • Trade Name
    • Brand name given by the manufacturer
    • Medication may have many trade names
      • dependant upon how many manufacturers
      • Advil, Nuprin and Motrin are all ibuprofen
    • Proper noun so name is capitalized
  • Generic Name
    • Original chemical name
    • Often used as the name of the medication
      • nitroglycerin
    • Name is not capitalized
    • Listed in United States Pharmacopoeia (USP)
  • Prescription Medications
    • Requires physician order
    • Distributed by pharmacist
  • Over-the-Counter (OTC) Medications
    • Purchased directly from retail source
  • Many prescription medications now available OTC

Knowledge of common medical terminology makes communications between providers and hospital personnel more effective. EMT’s need to constantly maintain their skills and knowledge levels to provide quality care to their patients.




General Pharmacoly videos

 youtube pharmacology video by emssuccesstv

Feb 29, 2016 – Uploaded by Cherri Lynch

How to keep your EMT certification current

How to keep your EMT certification current


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